|Sex Offenders Much More Likely To Be Arrested For Sex Crimes|
|By Leonard A. Sipes, Jr.|
Recidivism based on new arrests, convictions and periods of incarceration is a vital measure of crime and criminal justice policy. See an overview at Offender Recidivism.
The report below on sex offenders provides recidivism data and much more; it offers arrest-conviction data for all offenders released from federal and state prisons and how many were arrested for new crimes versus technical violations (i.e., escape-absconding, refusing to go to programs, etc.).
Sex offenders were more than three times as likely to be re-arrested for rape or sexual assault. Please keep in mind that sex offenses are vastly underreported and, because of their non-stranger component, problematic to investigate and prove. This finding is an undercount.
About two-thirds (67%) of released sex offenders were arrested at least once for any type of crime indicating that there are few specialists when it comes to criminality.
84% of all released prisoners were rearrested, the highest figure I’ve seen per national data.
99% of all released offenders were arrested for an offense other than a probation or parole violation. Considering the debate on offenders being returned to prison for technical violations, this figure is potentially explosive. “Almost all prisoners who were re-arrested (96% of released sex offenders and 99% of all released offenders) were arrested for an offense other than a probation or parole violation,” BJS Press Release.
State prisoners released after serving time for rape or sexual assault were more than three times as likely as other released prisoners to be re-arrested for rape or sexual assault during the 9 years following their release, per Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Released sex offenders represented 5% of prisoners released in 2005 and 16% of post-release arrests for rape or sexual assault during the 9-year follow-up period.
The BJS study tracked a representative sample of prisoners released in 2005 in the 30 states that were responsible for 77% of all state prisoners released nationwide and examined their arrests through 2014.
An estimated 7.7% of released sex offenders were arrested for rape or sexual assault during the 9-year follow up period, versus 2.3% of other released prisoners.
While rape and sexual assault offenders were more likely than other released prisoners to be arrested for rape or sexual assault, they were less likely than other released prisoners to be arrested for other crimes.
About two-thirds (67%) of released sex offenders were arrested at least once for any type of crime during the 9 years following their release, compared to about five-sixths (84%) of other released prisoners.
Almost all prisoners who were re-arrested (96% of released sex offenders and 99% of all released offenders) were arrested for an offense other than a probation or parole violation.
Overall, half of sex offenders released from prison had a subsequent arrest that led to a conviction. However, sex offenders were less likely than all released prisoners to have a new arrest resulting in a conviction.
At the end of the 9-year follow-up, 50% of sex offenders and 69% of all released prisoners had a new arrest that led to a conviction.
Sex offenders were more likely than other released prisoners to receive longer sentences and to be granted unconditional releases from prison. The median sentence length for sex offenders was 60 months versus 36 months for all state prisoners released in 30 states in 2005.
About 32% of sex offenders were granted an unconditional release and not placed on parole, probation or some other form of community supervision. About 26% of all released prisoners were granted an unconditional release.
The report, Recidivism of Sex Offenders Released from State Prison: A 9-Year Follow-Up (2005-14)is available on the BJS website at www.bjs.gov.
Source: Bureau Of Justice Statistics
Reprinted with permission from https://www.crimeinamerica.net.
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Leonard A. Sipes, Jr has thirty-five years of experience supervising public affairs for national and state criminal justice agencies. He is the Former Senior Specialist for Crime Prevention for the Department of Justice’s clearinghouse and the Former Director of Information Management for the National Crime Prevention Council. He has a Post Master’s degree from Johns Hopkins University and is the author of the book "Success With the Media". He can be reached via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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