|Implementing the Juvenile Justice Reform Act|
|By Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention|
Congress enacted the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Act in 1974. This landmark legislation established OJJDP to support local and state efforts to prevent delinquency and improve the juvenile justice system. In December 2018, the Juvenile Justice Reform Act (JJRA) of 2018 was signed into law, reauthorizing and substantially amending the JJDP Act. The JJRA becomes effective on October 1, 2019.
JJRA grants the OJJDP Administrator the authority to increase the minimum allocation to states participating in the Formula Grants program, adds program areas states may support with formula grant funds, and includes new protections for youth who are charged and tried as adults. The Act also adds more stringent requirements for detaining low-level, nonviolent offenders who have violated a court order.
The statute replaces the term “adequate” with “effective” to describe the compliance monitoring universe; however, the statute does not define “effective.” To ensure the safety and well-being of justice-involved youth, OJJDP has seized this opportunity to review what has worked in monitoring facilities and what needs improvement, and will promulgate a rule defining an effective monitoring system.
OJJDP continues to carefully review changes to the legislation, and the Office is committed to sharing implementation resources with the field in a timely manner. The following resources are now available on the OJJDP website:
View the amended JJDP Act.
Visit the Office’s JJDP Act core requirements compliance webpage.
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